A process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body: i.e., in vitro is termed as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). The process involves monitoring a woman’s ovulatory process, removing the eggs from the ovaries under anesthesia and then letting the sperm fertilize them in a fluid medium in a laboratory. The fertilized egg (zygote) which becomes an embryo is then transferred at day three or day five accordingly, to the patient’s uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy.

This process is highly beneficial for patients with blocked tubes, unexplained infertility, poor sperm parameters, some patients with endometriosis and those with ovulatory dysfunction. IT is generally used as a major treatment for infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed.

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